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Austro-Hungarian Aviation Troops - Wikipedia
Va being flown by most of the pilots who qualified as aces at some point in their often brief careers. The Albatros was the scourge of the RFC on the Western Front in , with pilots of the calibre of von Richthofen, Boelke and Schleich cutting swathes through their opponents. Well over Albatros scouts were built between and , and they were also extensively used by the Austro-Hungarians against Russian, Italian and British aircraft until war's end.
Biographical Note. Norman Franks is one of the world's leading authorities on World War 1 fighter aviation, having published some of the seminal works on the subject. He is currently working on a long list of volumes on Great War aces for Osprey's Aircraft of the Aces series. Berkshire-based Harry Dempsey is a talented profile artist who specialises in fighter aircraft of World War 1.
He has illustrated all of Osprey? You may also be interested in the following product s. More info. The Albatros pilots subsequently claimed a victory against one of them, the aircraft having reportedly crashed to the ground in a forest south of Cesuna, although there is no trace of such a loss in Italian records.
The new organisation provided for 18 aircraft for the pure fighter units, divided in three Kette flights of six, with six pilot officers and 12 non-commissioned pilot officers. Chronic shortages of personnel and aeroplanes often meant that these specified strengths were rarely met. The non-fighter units continued to have one or two aircraft to escort their two-seaters. Meanwhile, on the Isonzo Front, another outstanding pilot had been issued with his first Albatros fighter. Four months later he was transferred to the Italian Front, gaining his first victory as a pilot on 3 December.
But first he was instructed to go to the Western Front to study German fighter combat techniques, meeting the already famous Manfred von Richthofen. The Albatros of Alarm Bereitschaft Pergine had a different nose colour.
The second aircraft from the left, D III By The Italian Supreme Command was planning yet another attack along the Isonzo Front with forces even more powerful than it had used in May, and the first Hanriot HD 1 fighters had recently arrived at the front. To make things worse for the Austro-Hungarians, their precarious situation had become known to their adversaries owing to a document found on the body of a fallen airman.
Single-seat fighter aircraft are particularly needed. Given the violent enemy action, each reconnaissance aircraft must be escorted by two fighters. The number of existing fighter aeroplanes speaks for itself, and demonstrates the inability to perform aerial reconnaissance in the number needed, and to react strongly to enemy raids. The following day, Ltn Josef Friedrich obtained his eighth victory — the first in an Albatros fighter — when he claimed an Italian single-seater over Grigno. His opponent was probably a Nieuport of 79a Squadriglia, because two pilots from this unit, Tenente Umberto Mazzini and Sergente Antonio Reali a future victory ace had combats in that area, but both returned to their airfield.
He shared with Brumowski the victories claimed on 17 July and 19 August StFw Hefty flew war missions in Flying in the rear seat of Brandenburg C I Their victim was Farman of 29a Squadriglia, whose crew was captured.
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Friedrich then took flying lessons, and his last two victories in Flik 16, on 17 April and 3 May , were achieved as a pilot. After that first flight in D III Although the FBA was forced to land on the sea, with its observer, Tenente Francesco Porro, hit in a leg, this claim was unconfirmed. Brumowski took off for a second flight later that same day, this time in D III According to Italian sources the aircraft brought down by the ace and his wingmen was an SP of 39a Squadriglia, whose crew, pilot Tenente Teodoro Lacava and observer Tenente Cesare Poccianti, died.
A double was claimed by Brumowski on 20 August in two different flights, and again he alternated between an Albatros and a KD. Having returned to his airfield, he took off again, this time in KD The SavoiaPomilio was over Gorizia when it was attacked and hit by an enemy fighter, prompting its pilot, Sergente Emilio Lubiani, to put the machine into a steep dive toward the Sistiana Gulf to fool his opponent.
He was then able to land back at his home airfield in spite of the aircraft being hit by 37 bullets. The other machine, a Savoia-Pomilio of 35a Squadriglia, was hit by 14 bullets and forced to land near Casa Blanchis, with its crew unhurt. Born in , Magerl had started his aviation career as a mechanic, and after pilot training was posted to Flik 6 in Albania, where he had had a bad experience on 8 November Froreich, who already had three victories to his name, claimed the first for his new unit on 26 August during a flight from Gorizia to Tolmein now Tolmin, in Slovenia. The Italians continued their tireless raids behind the Austro-Hungarian lines, and during the afternoon of 28 August, 11 Caproni bombers of several units, in company with other aircraft types of the III Armata, left their airfields to drop about two-and-a-half tons of bombs on artillery sites and infantry near Vojscica.
On the return leg Caproni Ca. The pursuit ended over Duino when the Caproni crash-landed on Aiello airfield, from where Galli, wounded in the chest and head, was carried unconscious to a field hospital. Caproni Ca. One person who had clearly seen the distinctive features of the D III during an escort mission for a group of Capronis was Maggiore Pier Ruggero Piccio, who was to end the war with 29 victories and subsequently become the first Chief of Staff of the Regia Aeronautica. The aircraft returned to its airfield with pilot Sergente Mario Doria lightly wounded.
Highly praised by his comrades, he was a quiet and modest person who never spoke about the war, even in old age. On 11 September the Stoluft of Its pilots were mostly inexperienced, with the notable exception of Offz Stv Julius Arigi, who already had 12 confirmed victories to his name.
Born in Tetschen now Decin, in the Czech Republic on 3 October into a family originally from Val Sugana, Arigi lost his parents when he was 14, and later earned his living as an apprentice electrician. The early flights of the Wright brothers thrilled him, but he could not afford the luxury of flying lessons.
Fw Arigi performed his first wartime sorties in the Balkans against the armies of Serbia and Montenegro, flying the Lohners of Flik 6 from Igalo airfield. During a ferry flight on 14 October he became lost in clouds and forced-landed owing to fuel starvation in the Poblicnica Valley, Montenegro, which was enemy territory. Captured, Arigi eventually escaped and returned to his unit some three months later.
He stated that while he was captive in Podgorica he stole a Fiat limousine belonging to the King of Montenegro and drove at breakneck speed until he reached the Austro-Hungarian lines. When Italy entered the war, Arigi who already had seven victories to his name fought the new adversary with his usual energy after he was moved to the Italian Front at the end of By then Arigi had added 12 more victories to his tally.
The next D III in line, Many officers managed to avoid this and treated the NCOs well. High-scoring ace Oblt Frank Linke-Crawford had an entirely different personality, and enjoyed very good relationships with non-commissioned officers. Flying as a reconnaissance pilot, Linke improved his skill, luckily escaping unhurt from crash landings after being attacked by Italian aces Baracca and Piccio on two occasions 1 May and 2 August In the first instance his aeroplane, Brandenburg C I His quarry, almost certainly a Macchi M.
Once over the target area the pair were engaged by anti-aircraft fire, but this did not prevent the L. Ten days later, on the 24th, D III The bursts fired by Linke quickly set the Macchi ablaze, and it crashed in the sea off Santa Croce, killing its pilot. There were no Italian losses recorded on this day, however, their adversary possibly being Tenente Enrico Ferreri, who was attacked by four enemy aircraft but was able to escape and return to his airfield with his aircraft holed by a single bullet.
The military career of year-old Teichmann, a Silesian, had started modestly with him serving as a car mechanic in Infanterieregiment 1. However, in the meantime, the other fighter had been free to engage the LFT two-seater, which was shot down in flames. The latter, a Hungarian officer, was born in in Nyiregyhaza. Skilfully taking advantage of fog in the area, the three Albatros pilots came inland from Panzano Gulf in spite of the barrage of fire from the 76 mm guns of the Navy Alberoni battery, which was immediately targeted by Austro-Hungarian artillery, wounding two sailors.
While the ground personnel frantically operated the winch to lower the balloon and the anti-aircraft machine gun opened fire, Brumowski and his wingmen headed bravely for the balloon. I came down to about m [ ft] and then an enemy fighter aeroplane coloured bright brick red, with black crosses on the wings, passed under me, flying towards the sea. I threw myself into pursuit, firing bursts from my machine gun. I reached it and forced it to come down, always firing, until I was only a few metres above the water. At that moment I became aware that my engine was malfunctioning, and turned to come back, but it stopped immediately, forcing me to land on swampy ground near Matarussi.
I fired about machine gun bullets and the enemy answered repeatedly to my fire. Given StFw Kurt Gruber in front of an Albatros.
A Forgotten Few: Austro-Hungarian Fighters
Here, he poses, hands in pockets, in front of the wreck. To his right, an armourer holds one of the machine gun belts removed from the fighter. Brush swirls of a lighter colour, probably yellow, were carefully applied onto the dark green background Greg VanWyngarden During that month adverse weather hampered or prevented flying for about two weeks in total, but even darker clouds were gathering, this time on the Italian side only.