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But South Africa has very low breastfeeding rates at just 7. Out of the millions of choices a mother makes every day, one debate has endured: breast-milk vs. Andrew Jacobs reports in the New York Times.

Then the United States delegation, embracing the interests of infant formula manufacturers, upended the deliberations. When that failed, they turned to threats, according to diplomats and government officials who took part in the discussions. Ecuador, which had planned to introduce the measure, was the first to find itself in the cross hairs. The Americans were blunt: If Ecuador refused to drop the resolution, Washington would unleash punishing trade measures and withdraw crucial military aid. In the Freezer: To avoid waste, freeze milk in small amounts and always date the container.

The Food and Drug Administration FDA makes sure that the infant formula you buy at the store is safe and has all the nutrients your baby needs. If you choose to feed your baby an iron-fortified infant formula, ask your doctor or health care provider to recommend one. Homemade formula may not contain all the nutrients needed to keep your baby healthy.

Breast milk

Formula is available in powder, liquid concentrate, and ready-to-feed. Powder is the cheapest form, and ready-to-feed is the most expensive. For proper growth and development during the first year of life, your baby needs the balanced nutrition in infant formula. If you are breastfeeding, you can continue feeding breast milk to your baby as long as you want. It is unsafe to serve raw unpasteurized milk to an infant.

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They specified children between 12 months and two years of age for whom overweight or obesity is a concern or who have a family history of obesity or cardiovascular disease. Do not feed sugar water to your baby unless your doctor or health care provider tells you to do so. Breast milk and formula provide the amount of water that your baby needs to replace water loss and to grow. Therefore, a healthy baby does not need any extra water, except in hot weather.

1. Introduction

Your baby will need extra fluids when solid foods begin to replace some of the breast milk or formula in their diet. Use bottles for breast milk, formula and water only. Solid foods, such as cereals, should be fed with a spoon. Whether you breastfeed or give your baby infant formula, you and your baby should be happy and comfortable. The warmth and security felt during feeding time can soothe a cranky, frightened, or tired baby.

Mealtime is more than just the time to feed your baby.

1st Edition

It is an opportunity to get to know your baby and learn to read their cues. Your baby will communicate with you even before they can talk. For example, when they are hungry, they will cry, nuzzle, make sucking motions and fuss.

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Breast milk requires no preparation. Alternative care-givers can feed your baby - if you express milk before hand. Formula does not contain the same antibodies found in breast milk. There are substances added to formula to help protect babies from illness but these are not as easily absorbed by baby as breast milk and do not offer the same kind of protection.

Human Milk and Infant Formula - 1st Edition

Higher concentrations of vitamins and minerals in formula make it more difficult to digest and more likely that your baby will suffer:. A World Health Organization report found formula fed babies scored lower on IQ tests than those who were breastfed. Bottles must always be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. Alternative care-givers can feed your baby - as long as they follow the proper safety guidelines for preparation. For more information on the differences between breast milk and formula, read Dr Jack Newman's info sheet or visit our Ask the Expert section.

The difference between breast milk and formula.


Is one really better than the other? Breast milk Health Benefits for baby: Designed by the human body to feed human babies, its composition changes to meet the needs of your baby or toddler. Valuable antibodies protect babies against viral and bacterial infections such as: Ear infections Respiratory tract infections Urinary tract infections Bacterial meningitis Necrotizing Enterocollitis The longer you breastfeed, the more protection your baby has. Higher concentrations of vitamins and minerals in formula make it more difficult to digest and more likely that your baby will suffer: Gas Constipation Upset stomach Formula fed babies have a higher risk of SIDS.

References Best Start Resource Centre.